Koi Nation Resort and Casino Project
The Koi Nation, one of the state's federally recognized Native American tribes, announced on Sept. 15, 2021, that it intends to build a resort and casino that includes a 2,500 Class III gaming machine facility, a 200-room hotel, and six restaurant and food service areas on a 68-acre vineyard site just outside of town limits, in unincorporated Sonoma County, just west of the U.S. Highway 101 exit to Shiloh Road.
More information on the $600 million project (including building illustrations) is here: https://koination.sitedistrict.com/project/. To share your opinion on the proposed project, please see the contact list of tribal and elected representatives further down on this page.
Prior to construction of the proposed project, the Koi Nation must secure approval from the federal government to take the land into trust to allow the tribe to exercise its sovereignty over the land. The tribe must also secure approval of a gaming agreement from the governor of California.
Taking Land into Federal Trust
Placing tribal land into trust is a process whereby the secretary of the U.S. Department of the Interior acquires title to the property and holds it for the benefit of a Native American tribe or individual tribal members. A summary of the department’s “Fee-to-Trust” process and frequently asked questions can be found here: https://www.bia.gov/sites/bia.gov/files/assets/bia/ots/pdf/Fee-to-Trust_Process_for_Discretionary_Acquisitions.pdf
The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) has initiated the preparation of an Environmental Assessment (EA) to analyze the potential environmental consequences of the Koi Nation Resort and Casino project. The federal actions necessary to implement the proposed project trigger the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). For the purpose of the EA, the BIA will serve as the Lead Agency for compliance with NEPA. More information can be found at shilohresortenvironmental.com.
California Gaming Compacts
The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 requires tribes to sign negotiated compacts, or agreements, in good faith, with their state governments to clarify a range of jurisdictional issues surrounding regulation and scope of gaming. Each compact must be negotiated with the state governor, ratified by the state legislature, and finally, approved by the U.S. Department of the Interior. A primer on tribal gaming and community planning in California can be viewed here: https://cproundtable.org/static/media/uploads/publications/tgncp.bw__.pdf
Here is the site where the Koi Nation would like to build this project, on its property at 222 E. Shiloh Road. The pink line connotes the Town limits.
- Koi Indian tribe unveils plans for $600 million resort in Sonoma County
- Press release from Koi Nation on proposed casino and resort project
- Sonoma County elected leaders react to Koi Nation proposal for casino near Windsor
- Koi Nation tribe's plan to build Sonoma County casino sees pushback from rival tribal gaming operation
- Town Council Resolution No 3743-22 In Support of Retaining the SC General Plan Land Use Designation for 222 E. Shiloh Road
- Koi Nation Shiloh Resort and Casino Project - Town of Windsor Comments on NOP
- Koi Nation Resort Notice of Preparation of Environmental Documents
- Koi Nation Fee-to-Trust Application (partial)
- Koi Nation Resolution Requesting Conveyance of 68.60 acres into Trust (Sept 9. 2021)
- Koi Nation Adoption of Indian Reorganization Act (June 20, 1935)
Who Can I Contact to Express My Opinion on the Koi Nation Proposal?
Koi Nation: Sam Singer, Singer Associates Public Relations, firstname.lastname@example.org
Windsor Town Council: email@example.com
Sonoma County District 4 Supervisor James Gore: https://sonomacounty.ca.gov/Board-of-Supervisors/District-4/Contact-James-Gore/
State Senator Mike McGuire: https://sd02.senate.ca.gov/contact
Assemblymember Jim Wood: https://a02.asmdc.org/contact
U.S. Senator Dianne Feinstein: https://www.feinstein.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/contact
U.S. Senator Alex Padilla: https://www.padilla.senate.gov/
U.S. Congressman Jared Huffman: https://huffman.house.gov/contact
California Governor Gavin Newsom: https://govapps.gov.ca.gov/gov40mail/